[8][9] On March 5, 1959, at the 24th South American Congress held in Buenos Aires, the competition was ratified by the International Affairs Committee. The cup has been won by 24 clubs, 13 of them more than once, and six clubs have won two years in a row. The defeat brought Olimpia's second golden era to a close. [45], With a highly compact tactical lineup and the goals of the formidable duo Jardel and Paulo Nunes, Grêmio won the coveted trophy again in 1995 after beating an Atlético Nacional led, once again, by the iconic figure of René Higuita. However, it was not to be as Boca Juniors, reinforced by aging but still-capable players, came away with the trophy to win their sixth title. Football Heads: 2014‑15 La Liga. The Strongest Led by World Cup winner-turned manager Nery Pumpido, Olimpia would overcome Grêmio (after some controversy) and surprise finalists São Caetano. It was not until 1989 that a Pacific team finally broke the dominance of the established Atlantic powers. Pacific emergence and last Uruguayan triumphs: 1980–1989, 2010s: Final in Madrid, single-game finals, La Nación; Historia del Fútbol Chileno, 1985, Estadio Monumental Antonio Vespucio Liberti, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Historical table of the Copa Libertadores, "¿Qué es la Copa Libertadores de América? [60][61] Internacional's arch-rivals, Grêmio, surprised many by reaching the 2007 final with a relatively young squad. [33] Despite this triumph, Olimpia did not create the winning mystique of its past golden generations and bowed out in the round of 16 the following season, after being routed by Grêmio 6–2, avenging their controversial loss from the year before. [3] Between 1960 and 1987 the previous winners did not enter the competition until the semifinal stage, making it much easier to retain the cup. [14][15] Independiente successfully defended the title in 1965;[15] Peñarol would defeat River Plate in a playoff to win their third title,[10] and Racing would go on to claim the spoils in 1967. [30] Vasco da Gama defeated Barcelona SC with ease to record their first title in 1998. [3] However, one berth for the Copa Libertadores can be won by winning the domestic cups in these countries. In that season, LDU Quito became the first team from Ecuador to win the Copa Libertadores after defeating Fluminense 3–1 on penalties. The key breakthrough came in the second leg of the final when Cruzeiro broke the deadlock with just under 15 minutes left in a match attended by over 106,000 spectators in the Mineirão. Draw. The CONMEBOL Libertadores, also known as the Copa Libertadores de América (Portuguese: Copa Libertadores da América), is an annual international club football competition organized by CONMEBOL since 1960. The folklore, fanfare, and organization of many competitions around the world owe its aspects to the Libertadores. In 1966, the runners-up of the South American leagues began to join. Any club which wins three consecutive tournaments has the right to keep the trophy. Grupo Santander, one of the largest banks in the world, became the sponsor of the Copa Libertadores, and thus the official name changed to Copa Santander Libertadores. After coming up short in 1989 against Atlético Nacional, Olimpia reached the 1990 Copa Libertadores finals after defeating the defending champion in a climactic semifinal series decided on penalties. [3] In 2008, the finals became an exception to the away goals rule and employed extra time. ", "Hace 60 años, River perdía la gran chance de ser el primer club campeón de América", "ABC (Madrid) - 09/10/1958, p. 58 - ABC.es Hemeroteca", "Peñarol: Spencer secures Peñarol's place in the pantheon", "Independiente gana su primera Libertadores", "El Estudiantes de Zubeldía (1ra. To the left of that information is the club logo. It was Corinthians' first title. The winners of the previous season's Copa Libertadores are given an additional entry if they do not qualify for the tournament through their domestic performance; however, if the title holders qualify for the tournament through their domestic performance, an additional entry is granted to the next eligible team, "replacing" the titleholder. First stage winner G5 Led by team captain Fernandão, the Colorados beat São Paulo 2–1 at Estádio do Morumbi and held the defending champions at a 2–2 draw at home in Porto Alegre as Internacional won their first ever title. But Atletico Nacional stopped this new trend, by beating Ecuador's Independiente del Valle 2–1 on aggregate. [88], As of January 19, 2019 beIN Sports has obtained the broadcasting rights for both the Australia, Canada, MENA, New Zealand, and USA beginning in 2019 through 2022. [3] Argentina, Brazil and Chile are the only South American leagues to use a European league format instead of the Apertura and Clausura format. [16] One of the most important moments in the tournament's early history occurred in 1968 which saw Estudiantes participate for the first time.[17]. León In 1998, Mexican teams were invited to compete and contested regularly from 2000 until 2016. [1] Teams from the same association in Pots 1 and 2 could not be drawn into the same group. Fase 1, fase 2 y fase 3 de la copa libertadores 2019. [1], The draw of the tournament was held on December 12, 2013, 21:00 UTC−3, at the CONMEBOL Convention Centre in Luque, Paraguay.[2]. First stage winner G6, In the second stage, each group was played on a home-and-away round-robin basis. The cup of 1997 pitted Cruzeiro against Peruvian club Sporting Cristal. Football Heads: 2014 Campeonato Brasileiro. [38][39] Peñarol won the Cup again in 1987 after beating America de Cali 2–1 in the decisive playoff;[10] it proved to be their last hurrah in the international scene as Uruguayan football, in general, suffered a great decline at the end of the 1980s. The four surviving teams from the first three stages join 28 teams in the group stage, which consists of eight groups of four teams each. Most teams qualify for the Copa Libertadores by winning half-year tournaments called the Apertura and Clausura tournaments or by finishing among the top teams in their championship. Independiente del Valle Deportivo Cali In 1998 for example, Vasco da Gama spent $10 million to win the competition, and in 1998, Palmeiras, managed by Luiz Felipe Scolari, brought Júnior Baiano among other players, winning the 1999 Copa Libertadores. The pedestal, which contains badges from every winner of the competition, is made of hardwood plywood. Argentine clubs have accumulated the most victories with 25 wins, while Brazil has the largest number of winning teams, with 10 clubs having won the title. Estudiantes, a modest neighborhood club and a relatively minor team in Argentina, had an unusual style that prioritized athletic preparation and achieving results at all costs. [3] From 1960 to 1987, two-legged ties were decided on points (teams would be awarded 2 points for a win, 1 point for a draw and 0 points for a loss), without taking goal difference into consideration. [42] The 1989 edition also had another significant first: it was the first-ever time that no club from Argentina, Uruguay, or Brazil managed to reach the final. [50][66], In 2010, a spell of the competition only being won by Brazilian clubs for four years began with Internacional defeating Guadalajara. Consiste en 8 grupos con 4 equipos por grupo. The tournament is highly regarded among its participants. [3] The countries that use this format are Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru and Venezuela. A total of 32 teams competed in the second stage. Emelec [26][27] Although Peñarol was the first club to win three titles, Estudiantes were the first to win three consecutive titles. Since its inception in 1960, the Copa Libertadores had predominantly been won by clubs from nations with an Atlantic coast: Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay. On October 8th 1958, João Havelange announced, at a UEFA meeting he attended as an invitee, the creation of Copa de Campeones de America (American Champions Cup, renamed in 1965 as Copa Libertadores), as a South American equivalent of the European Cup, so that the champion clubs of both continental confederations could decide "the best club team of the world" in the Intercontinental Cup. [41] Goalkeeper René Higuita cemented his legendary status with an outstanding performance as he stopped four of the nine Paraguayan kicks and scored one himself. It is organized by the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body. Two clubs have kept the actual trophy after three consecutive wins:[74], As of 2019[update], clubs in the Copa Libertadores receive US$500,000 for advancing into the second stage and US$1,000,000 per home match in the group phase. parte)", "El Estudiantes de Zubeldía (2da. Atletico Nacional of Colombia earned their second title in 2016. The Brazilian spell ended with San Lorenzo's first title, beating Nacional of Paraguay in the finals. A group stage has always been used but the number of teams per group has varied. If tied on points, the following criteria were used to determine the ranking: 1. Ruing their semifinal exit in 2004, São Paulo made an outstanding comeback in 2005 to contest the final with Atlético Paranaense. Since its creation, the Copa Libertadores has been part of the culture of South America. Universitario became the first team from the Pacific coast to reach the finals after eliminating Uruguayan giants Peñarol and defending champions Nacional at the semifinal stage. The playoff match finished in a tense 0–0 tie and was decided by a penalty shootout. Football Heads: 2014 Argentine Primera Division. The pincharatas managed to emulate their predecessors by defeating Cruzeiro 2–1 on the return leg in Belo Horizonte. Boca Juniors and Santos would eventually meet in a rematch of the 1963 final; Boca avenged the 1963 loss by defeating Santos in both legs of the final. [54] Boca Juniors won the 2001 edition after, once again, defeating Palmeiras in the semifinals and Cruz Azul in the final series to successfully defend the trophy. Since 2011, the winner of the Copa Sudamericana has qualified automatically for the following Copa Libertadores. [15] Independiente's home stadium, La Doble Visera, became one of the most dreaded venues for visiting teams to play at. [22][23][24][25] The pincharratas won their first title in 1968 by defeating Palmeiras. Each team earned 3 points for a win, 1 point for a draw, and 0 points for a loss. A fase de grupos da Copa Libertadores é igual que a fase de grupos da Liga de Campións da UEFA. The first Copa Libertadores match took place on April 19, 1960. Having long been dominated by teams from Argentina, Brazil began to overshadow their neighbors as their clubs reached eight finals and won six titles in the 1990s. [43], In 1992, São Paulo rose from being a mere great in Brazil to become an international powerhouse. Because Europe and South America are considered the strongest centers of the sport, the champions of those continents enter the tournament at the semifinal stage. [64][65] It was also the highest-scoring final in the history of the tournament. In 1985, Argentinos Juniors, a small club from the neighborhood of La Paternal in Buenos Aires, astonished South America by eliminating holders Independiente in La Doble Visera 2–1 during the last decisive match of the second round, to book a place in the final. [3], Between 1960 and 2004, the winner of the tournament participated for the now-defunct Intercontinental Cup or (after 1980) Toyota Cup, a football competition endorsed by UEFA and CONMEBOL, contested against the winners of the European Cup (since renamed the UEFA Champions League)[3] Since 2004, the winner has played in the Club World Cup, an international competition contested by the champion clubs from all six continental confederations. Matches are broadcast in over 135 countries, with commentary in more than 30 languages, and thus the Copa is often considered as one of the most watched sports events on TV;[86] Fox Sports, for example, reaches more than 25 million households in the Americas. Atlético Nacional of Medellín won the final series, thus becoming the first team from Colombia to win the tournament. It is the highest level of competition in South American club football. Loading. Initially, only the champions of the South American leagues participated. Boca reached their fourth final in five tournaments in 2004 but was beaten by surprise-outfit Once Caldas of Colombia, ending Boca's dream generation. The Sueño Libertador is a promotional phrase used by sports journalism in the context of winning or attempting to win the Copa Libertadores. parte)", "El Estudiantes de Zubeldía (3ra. Cerro Porteño Drawing of lots. Today at least four clubs per country compete in the tournament, with Argentina and Brazil having the most representatives (six and seven clubs, respectively). [10] First, the Manyas disposed of defending champions Flamengo 1–0 in the last match of the second phase at Flamengo's home ground, the famed Estádio do Maracanã. [11] Os Santásticos, also known as O Balé Branco (the white ballet) won the title in 1962 defeating defending champions Peñarol in the finals. Jump to navigation Jump to search. That amount is derived from television rights and stadium advertising. The project normally starts after the club win one's national league (which grants them the right to compete in the following year's Copa Libertadores). Goal difference; 2. There are three stages: the first stage, the second stage and the knockout stage. The prize money then increases as each quarterfinalist receives US$1,200,000, US$1,750,000 is given to each semifinalist, US$6,000,000 is awarded the runner-up, and the winner earns US$12,000,000.[75]. The reign of Los Diablos Rojos finally ended in 1976 when they were defeated by fellow Argentine club River Plate in the second phase in a dramatic playoff for a place in the finals. [10], The Copa Libertadores did not receive international attention until its third edition, when the sublime football of a Santos team led by Pelé, considered by some the best club team of all time, earned worldwide admiration. O'Higgins [33] As in 1963, Boca Juniors had to watch as the visiting team lifted the Copa Libertadores in their home ground and Olimpia became the first (and, as of 2020[update], only) Paraguayan team to lift the Copa. [85], The tournament attracts television audiences beyond South America, Mexico, and Spain. Seven teams participated: Bahia of Brazil, Jorge Wilstermann of Bolivia, Millonarios of Colombia, Olimpia of Paraguay, Peñarol of Uruguay, San Lorenzo of Argentina and Universidad de Chile. The second stage of the 2014 Copa Libertadores de América was played from February 11 to April 10, 2014. First stage winner G2 [3] From 1995 onwards, the "Three points for a win" standard, a system adopted by FIFA in 1995 that places additional value on wins, was adopted in CONMEBOL, with teams now earning 3 points for a win, 1 point for a draw and 0 points for a loss. Away goals scored; 4. The second stage of the 2014 Copa Libertadores de América was played from February 11 to April 10, 2014. Atletico Nacional faced off against Olimpia losing the first leg in Asunción 2–0. Unlike most other competitions around the world, the Copa Libertadores historically did not use extra time, or away goals. [51] In that season, LDU Quito became the first team from Ecuador to win the Copa Libertadores after defeating Fluminense 3–1 on penalties. From 1988 onwards, two-legged ties were decided on points, followed by goal difference, with an immediate penalty shootout if the tie was level on aggregate after full-time in the second leg. [57] Once Caldas, employing a conservative and defensive style of football, became the second Colombian side to win the competition. If both teams were level on points after two legs, a third match would be played at a neutral venue. The first was in 1977 in which Boca earned their first victory against defending champions Cruzeiro. [29] The first of these titles came in 1972 when Independiente came up against Universitario de Deportes of Peru in the finals. [4][55] Cruz Azul became the first ever Mexican club to reach the final and win a final leg after great performances against River Plate and an inspired Rosario Central. The first major sponsor was Toyota, who signed a ten-year contract with CONMEBOL from 1997. Grêmio of Porto Alegre made history by defeating Peñarol to become the champion in 1983. [67] In 2011, Santos won their third Copa, overcoming Peñarol by 2–1 in the final. Led by Yugoslavian coach Mirko Jozić, the Chilean squad beat the defending champion 3–0. [3] From that point, the competition proceeds with two-legged knockout ties to quarterfinals, semifinals, and the finals. In a rematch of the 1969 finals, Nacional emerged as the champions of the 1971 tournament after overcoming an Estudiantes squad depleted of key players. Pelé, regarded by many football historians, former players and fans to be the best footballer in the game's history,[82] is the ambassador of the Copa Libertadores, having won the competition with Santos twice. [2] The tournament was expanded to 34 teams and economic incentives were introduced by an agreement between CONMEBOL and Toyota Motor Corporation. Play. The current tournament features 47 clubs competing over a six- to eight-month period. The following were the seeding of the 32 teams entered into the second stage draw, which included the 26 automatic qualifiers and the 6 first stage winners:[3][4], Vélez Sarsfield Like their predecessors from the late 1970s however, Boca Juniors would fall short of winning three consecutive titles. [1] Held in Santiago, it brought together the champions of each nation's top national leagues. Argentinos Juniors went on to win an unprecedented title by beating America de Cali in the play-off match via a penalty shootout. [92] It is one of the many balls produced by the American sports equipment maker for CONMEBOL, replacing the Ordem 4 ball used during 2017. Football Heads: 2015 Copa Libertadores. The first stage involves 12 clubs in a series of two-legged knockout ties. As with Juan Carlos Lorenzo's men, the Xeneizes became frustrated as they were eliminated by Olimpia, this time during the quarterfinals. Flamengo [51] All teams that advanced to the second stage of the tournament received $25,000 for their participation.[52]. Led by stars such as Zetti, Müller, Raí, Cafu, Palhinha, São Paulo beat Newell's Old Boys of Argentina to begin a dynasty. [40] The Manyas fierce rivals, Nacional, also won one last cup in 1988 before falling from the continental limelight. [33] Olimpia reached the 1991 Copa Libertadores finals, once again, defeating Atlético Nacional in the semifinals and facing Colo-Colo of Chile in the final. [48][49], This decade proved to be a major turning point in the history of the competition as the Copa Libertadores went through a great deal of growth and change. Flamengo, led by stars such as Zico, Júnior, Leandro, Adílio, Nunes, Cláudio Adão, Tita and Carpegiani, sparkled as the Mengão's Golden Generation reached the pinnacle of their careers by beating Cobreloa of Chile. [90] The second major sponsor was Banco Santander, who signed a five-year contract with CONMEBOL from 2008. [3], The tournament shares its name with the trophy, also called the Copa Libertadores or simply la Copa, which is awarded to the Copa Libertadores winner. [3] The six survivors join 26 clubs in the second stage, in which they are divided into eight groups of four. Nacional [62][63], In 2008 the tournament severed its relationship with Toyota. [3][71], For the 2019 edition, the different stages of the competition were contested by the following teams:[3]. [51] That same year, Mexican clubs, although affiliated to CONCACAF, started taking part in the competition thanks to quotas obtained from the Pre-Libertadores which pitted Mexican and Venezuelan clubs against each other for two slots in the group stage. Like Boca Juniors, however, they would reach another final in 1994 only to lose the title to Vélez Sársfield of Argentina in a penalty shoot-out. Arsenal The tournament is named after the Libertadores (Spanish and Portuguese for liberators), the leaders of the South American wars of independence,[1] so a literal translation of its former name into English would be "Liberators of America Cup". If the third match did not produce an immediate winner, a penalty shootout was used to determine a winner.[3]. The winner of the Copa Libertadores becomes eligible to play in the FIFA Club World Cup and the Recopa Sudamericana. [12][13], Argentine football finally inscribed their name on the winner's list in 1964 when Independiente became the champions after disposing of reigning champions Santos and Uruguayan side Nacional in the finals. or - Kick. In the final, they repeated the feat, beating Cobreloa in a decisive second leg match 1–0 in Santiago. [15] Atletico Nacional of Medellín, Colombia, won the Copa Libertadores in 1989, becoming the first nation with a Pacific coastline to win the tournament. [31] After both teams won their home legs 1–0, a playoff at a neutral venue was chosen to break the tie. The 1970s were dominated by Argentine clubs, with the exception of three seasons. Luiz Felipe Scolari managed to lead yet another club to victory as the Verdão won 4–3 in São Paulo. The winners and runners-up of each group advanced to the round of 16. Other clubs from nations with Pacific coastlines to have won the competition are Colo-Colo of Chile in 1991, Once Caldas of Colombia in 2004, and LDU Quito of Ecuador in 2008.
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