Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) : Mair) (Greek astronomy C3rd B.C.) From Khaos (Chaos) [Air] came forth Erebos (Erebus, Darkness) and black Nyx (Night); but of Nyx (Night) were born (Aether, Bright Upper Air) and Hemera (Day), whom she conceived and bore from union in love with Erebos. 11 (trans. 211, &c.; Cic. 549 ff (trans. "On a clear night, when Nyx (Night) in the heavens shows to men all her stars in their brightness and no star is borne faintly gleaming at the mid-month moon. 435 ff : Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 12. Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) : Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 7. 40. . . Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) : Those initiated into the Orphic mysteries learned that Nyx, rather than Chaos, was the primordial form from which all other life and matter was born. While a few, like the god of sleep Hypnos, were benevolent, many more represented the evils and miseries that plagued mankind. (Eurip. . to lull to rest men's souls.’", Lycophron, Alexandra 432 (trans. Nyx also played an important role in the Orphic mysteries. She was occasionally shown with wings to fly across the dark sky, but more often was pulled by a chariot. We are called Arai (Arae, Curses) in our homes beneath the earth.’", Aeschylus, Eumenides 745 ff : In Greek mythology, Nyx is the Goddess of the Night. Goddess of phantoms and of shadowy play, whose drowsy power divides the natural day; by fate's decree you constant send the light to deepest hell, remote from mortal sight; for dire necessity (ananke), which nought withstands, invests the world with adamantine bands. 97 ff (trans. Nyx is the patron of witches and witches, she is the Goddess of night secrets and mysteries, queen of night stars.Nix is worshiped by witches and witches, who believed that she gives the land fertility to sprout enchanted herbs. Greek Lyric IV) (Greek lyric C5th B.C.) to 2nd A.D.) : Orphica, Argonautica 12 ff (trans. . [2.1] THE ERINYES, THE MOIRAI (Aeschyluls Eumenides 321 & 415 & 745 & 961) 752 : 97 ff (trans. According to most legends, she was born from Chaos itself, making her a sister of major primordial gods like Gaia and Tartarus. "Eris (Strife) . Dec 10, 2019 - Explore Hannah-Luu's board "Nyx, Goddess of the Night", followed by 1659 people on Pinterest. Hear, blessed Kypris (Cypris) [Aphrodite], decked with starry light, in sleep's deep silence dwelling ebon night! 142 ff (trans. Also she bare the Moirai (Moirae, Fates) and the ruthless avenging Keres (Deaths) . : Flacc. to C1st A.D.) : Statius, Thebaid 1. 417 ff : "All the stars wheeled aloft by Nyx (Night). ", Seneca, Hercules Furens 1063 ff (trans. [Iris disguised as Nyx addresses Hypnos :] ‘O Blackwing! "Two demon fiends there are, called by the name of Furiae (Furies) [Erinyes], whom darkest Nox (Night) [Nyx] brought forth at one and the same birth with hellish Megaera, breeding all three alike with the twining coils of serpents and giving them wings like the wind . ", Aristophanes, Thesmophoriazusae 1075 (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) According to Homer, he was so in awe of the goddess of the night that he did not dare to move against her and risk her own anger. When she did, she was depicted as a goddess to be feared and respected, even by the king of the gods himself. iii. 5. 417 ff : Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 14. Nyx (the Night) grieved in her daughter's [Eos is here identified with Hemera] anguish, and the heaven drew over all his stars a veil of mist and cloud, of love unto Erigeneia (the Lady of Light). ", Philostratus the Elder, Imagines 1. in fin. to 2nd A.D.) : . Most versions of the Greek creation myth claim that Nyx was one of the first children of Chaos, born at about the same time as Gaia and Tartarus. And there the children of dark Nyx (Night) have their dwellings, Hypnos (Sleep) and Thanatos (Death) , awful gods. iii. Miller) (Roman tragedy C1st A.D.) : Nonnus, Dionysiaca 35. "[The Erinyes] the maiden daughters of Nyx (Night). vi. . Rackham) (Roman rhetorician C1st B.C.) "Firstly, ancient Khaos's (Chaos') stern Ananke (Inevitability), and Khronos (Chronos, Time), who bred within his boundless coils Aither (Aether, Light) and two-sexed, two-faced, glorious Eros [Phanes], ever-born Nyx's (Night's) father, whom latter men call Phanes, for he first was manifested. 1 : Pseudo-Hyginus, Preface (trans. "Then plunged the sun down into Okeanos' (Oceanus') stream, and sable-vestured Nyx (Night) came floating up o'er the wide firmament, and brought her boon of sleep to sorrowing mortals. ", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 7. The Greek equivalents of the Roman names have been added to the following text in square brackets. Many of the children of Nyx were unwelcome but unavoidable. Miller) (Roman tragedy C1st A.D.) : Her most important children, Aether and Hemera, were born from her union with Erebus. "The car of Nyx (Night) is speeding on with darkness. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) : Ovid, Metamorphoses 7. West) (Greek hymns C3rd - C2nd B.C.) Theog. ", Aeschylus, Fragment 33 Heliades (from Athenaeus, Deipnosophists 11. : Pindar, Dirges Fragment 129 (trans. Some cults even believed she was so important that she had given rise to everything in the universe, including the earth itself. 1192 ff (trans. Glowing Helios (the Sun) never looks upon them with his beams, neither as he goes up into heaven nor as he comes down from heaven. ", Orphic Hymn 3 to Nyx (trans. Campbell, Vol. [1.3] HYPNOS, THANATOS (Homer Iliad 14.231, Seneca Hercules Fur. "[The Erinyes speak :] ‘We [the Erinyes] are the eternal children of Nyx (Night). "Silent Nyx (Night) shrouded the west in her own colour, and scored the sky across with her own starry cloak. Nyx is one of the ancient Protogeno, the basic components of the universe, the first born elemental gods and goddesses. Cicero's list mostly follows Hesiod's Theogony, albeit with Latin translations of the word-names]. [1.1] KHAOS (Hesiod Theogony 123, Nonnus Dionysiaca 31.115) to C1st A.D.) : Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 5. : . Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. Ever shall this house throughout the circling periods of the year hold thee high in honour and in worship; black bulls of chosen beauty shall pay thee sacrifice, O goddess! . He also would not be touched by daylight. Even Hesiod called them both daughters of Nyx and of Themis. 469F) : Euripides, Ion 1150 ff (trans. There are cult images and small shrines dedicated to Nyx, however. Day-Lewis) (Roman epic C1st B.C.) ", Hesiod, Works & Days 17 ff : "Then rose from Okeanos (Oceanus) Eos (Dawn) the golden-throned up to the heavens; Nyx (Night) into Khaos (Chaos) sank. ", Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 5. 1068) "When you have ascended the citadel [of Megara], which even at the present day is called Karia (Caria) from Kar (Car), son of Phoroneus, you see a temple of Dionysos Nyktelios (Nyctelius, Nocturnal), a sanctuary built to Aphrodite Epistrophia (She who turns men to love), an oracle called that of Nyx (Night) and a temple of Zeus Konios (Cronius, Dusty) without a roof. "There [in Lemnos] she [Hera] encountered Hypnos (Hypnus, Sleep), the brother of Thanatos (Thanatus, Death) . Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) : Homer, Iliad 8. "Nyx (Night) rose from broad Okeanos (Oceanus), flooding all the earth with darkness bringing men release from toil. "Now [at dawn] stars shine few and faint in the sinking sky; vanquished Nox (Night) [Nyx] draws in her wandering fires as the new day is born, and Phosphorus [Eosphoros, the star Venus] brings up the rear of the shining host. And Vulcanus' [Hephaistos'] fire shall eat the lustral entrails, where-o'er the new milk streams. Oizys – One of the most malevolent children of Nyx, she was the embodiment of misery and suffering. ", Philostratus the Younger, Imagines 5 (trans. : leapt away, a groan came from the ground, the bushes blanched, the spattered sward was soaked with gouts of blood, stones brayed and bellowed, dogs began to bark, black snakes swarmed on the soil and ghostly shapes of silent spirits floated through the air. "The choir-leaders of the Hesperides (Evenings) driving their two-horse chariot along the path of night to the new turning-point, where Nyx (Night) passes through the light-bringing radiance in the eastern air; and she brings the day's light, flying over the misty wave, a guide for sailors . "Beneath the western reign of Nox (Night), her course already turned, and the setting stars, so soon as mighty Tethys had driven forth tardy Hyperion [Helios the Sun] from the Eastern sea. 115 ff (trans. "[Depicted amongst the illustrations carved on the chest of Kypselos (Cypselus) at Olympia :] There is a figures of a woman holding on her right arm a white child asleep, and on her left she has a black child like one who is asleep. 259, &c.) calls her the subduer of gods and men, and relates that Zeus himself stood in awe of her. Campbell, Vol. 231 ff (trans. 656 ff : Apate – The personification of deception and fraud, she often worked at night. 87; Val. My work has also been published on Buzzfeed and most recently in Time magazine. ", Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 12. ", Ovid, Metamorphoses 2. [3.1] HEKATE (Bacchylides Frag 1B). 276 ff (trans. [2.3] THE MOIRAI (by Khronos) (Tzetzes on Lycophron) Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. Weir Smyth) (Greek tragedy C5th B.C.) 7 : 175; Virg. Hesiod, Theogony 115 ff (trans. "And Nyx bare hateful Moros (Doom of Death) and black Ker (Fate of Death) and Thanatos (Thanatus, Death), and she bare Hypnos (Hypnus, Sleep) and the tribe of Oneiroi (Dreams). 1 ff : Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) : Pausanias, Description of Greece 7. 451 ff (trans. "[If Ouranos (Uranus) is a god then] the parents of Caelus [Ouranos], Aether (Upper Air) and Dies (Day) [Hemera], must be held to be gods, and their brothers and sisters, whom the ancient genealogists name Amor (Love) [Eros], Dolus (Guile) [Apate], Metus (Fear) [Phobos], Labor (Toil) [Ponos], Invidentia (Envy) [Nemesis], Fatum (Fate) [Moros], Senectus (Old Age) [Geras], Mors (Death) [Thanatos], Tenebrae (Darkness) [Keres], Miseria (Misery) [Oizys], Querella (Criticism) [Momos], Gratia (Friendship) [Philotes], Fraus (Fraud) [Apate], Pertinacia (Obstinacy), the Parcae (Fates) [the Moirai], the Hesperides, the Somnia (Dreams) [the Oneiroi] : all of these are fabled to be the children of Erebus (Darkness) and Nox (Night) [Nyx]. [2.1] OURANOS (Orphic Argonautica 12, Orphic Frag Deveni Papyrus) Athenian Red Figure Vase Painting C4th B.C. 485 ff (trans. "At the beginning there was only Khaos (the Chasm) [Air], Nyx (Night), dark Erebos (Darkness), and deep Tartaros (the Pit). Taylor) (Greek hymns C3rd B.C. . She could also be a calm and kind goddess, though. The various forms of death, suffering, old age, and other unhappy parts of life were dark and dangerous but as inescapable as the will of the Fates. Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) : Nyx as the Goddess of Night. In the Greek creation story, one of the first elements to come into being was the night. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) : 280 ff : : Aeschylus, Doubtul Fragment 250 (from Plutarch, On Love 15. 403 ff (trans. "Nox (Night) [Nyx] approaches: a garland of poppies binds her peaceful brow, black Somnia (Dreams) [Oneiroi] trail her. 163 ff (trans. to C1st A.D.) : Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) She was told to be very beautiful. "O Nox (Night) who castest thy mantle over the toiling earth and heaven, and sendest the fiery stars on their divers roaming courses, gracious refresher of the mind, till the next sun shed blithe upspringing upon faint mortality, thou, kindly Nox . Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) : Sandys) (Greek lyric C5th B.C.) Instead of relying on the divine oracles of Apollo, a god of the day and sunlight, they believed that at the far reaches of the world Nyx occupied a cave from which she gave more accurate prophesies than any other god was capable of. : Orphic Hymn 7 to the Astron (trans. Nyx, however, had a chariot of black that was pulled by either a team of black horses or a pair of black bulls. "Nyx (Night) threw her shadow on the world. Wherefore I bid thee pray, when in the open sea, that that constellation wrapt in clouds appear not amidst the others in the heavens, herself unclouded and resplendent but banked above with billowing clouds, as often it is beset when the autumn wind drives them back For often Nyx herself reveals this sign, also, for the South Wind in her kindness to toiling sailors. Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. Moros – Moros represented doom and the forces that drove man toward either Thanatos or Momos. "And there [at the ends of the earth, where sky meets earth], all in their order, are the sources and ends of gloomy earth and misty Tartaros (Tartarus) and the unfruitful sea and starry heaven, loathsome and dank, which even the gods abhor . ", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 35. 1 (trans. Firstly, black-winged Nyx (Night) laid a germless egg in the bosom of the infinite deeps of Erebos (Darkness), and from this, after the revolution of long ages, sprang the graceful Eros [the primordial Eros] with his glittering golden wings. It is time now for you to lift your torch and lead Zeus to his love--come now, foreshow the illumination of night-ranging Lyaios (Lyaeus) [Dionysos]!’", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 18. Descriptions of magic, particularly witchcraft, in the ancient world often included a call to Nyx. As part of their efforts to understand the secrets of death and the nature of the afterlife, they prioritized deities who were associated with those realms. "The ugly form of Hypnos' (Sleep's) mother the blackgirdled goddess Nyx (Night) . 848 ff : ], Euripides, Ion 1150 ff (trans. -Ovid, Metamorphoses 10. Kronos (Cronus) who did a mighty deed to Ouranos (Uranus, Sky), son of Nyx (Night), who became king first of all; following him again Kronos (Time), and then Zeus the contriver. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) : Homer, Iliad 14. Also deadly Nyx bare Nemesis to afflict mortal men, and after her, Apate (Deceit) and Philotes (Sex) and hateful Geras (Old Age) and hard-hearted Eris (Strife). . "Dewy Nox (Night) upon the Hesperian shore has reached her goal [departing from the sky as dawn breaks]. It is unsurprising that Nyx was closely linked to Hecate, the goddess of magic and witchcraft. She [the witch Kirke (Circe)] sprinkled round about her evil drugs and poisonous essences, and out of Erebos and Chaos called Nox (Nyx) and the Gods of Night (Di Nocti) and poured a prayer with long-drawn wailing cries to Hecate. She could be helpful as well. [1.6] EROS (AMOR), DOLOS (DOLUS), DEIMOS (METUS), PONOS (LABOR), NEMESIS (INVIDENTIA), MOROS (FATUM), GERAS (SENECTUS), THANATOS (MORS), KERES (TENEBRAE), OIZYS (MISERIA), MOMOS (QUERELLA), PHILOTES (GRATIA), APATE (FRAUS), ", Aeschylus, Eumenides 321 ff (trans. From Nox (Night) [Nyx] and Erebus [were born]: Fatum (Fate) [Ker], Senectus (Old Age) [Geras], Mors (Death) [Thanatos], Letum (Dissolution) [Moros], Continentia (Continence), Somnus (Sleep) [Hypnos], Somnia (Dreams) [Oneiroi], Amor [Eros]--that is Lysimeles, Epiphron, Porphyrion, Epaphus, Discordia (Discord), Miseria (Wretchedness), Petulantia (Wantonness), Nemesis, Euphrosyne, Amicitia (Friendship) [Philotes], Misericordia (Compassion), Styx; the three Parcae (Fates) [Moirai], namely Clotho, Lachesis and Atropos; the Hesperides Aegle, Hesperie and Aerica.". O'Neill) (Greek comedy C5th to 4th B.C.) "Phaethon [Helios the Sun] had left the rounded sky, and turned his car towards setting: silent Nyx (Night) leapt up from earth into the air like a high-stretching cone, and wrapped heaven about in a starry robe spangling the welkin. 469F) : Athenian Red Figure Vase Painting C5th B.C. As the mother of many ills and the consort of darkness, even Zeus knew better than to cross Nyx. to C1st A.D.) : Seneca, Hercules Furens 125 ff (trans. A dark goddess to be both feared and loved, here is everything you need to know about Nyx, the primordial goddess of the night! 627 ff : So Zeus calmed his savage resentment with difficulty, and cried out to Hera. Momos – Momos was also a personification of death. 1192 ff (trans. 18. At night the sun-god Helios sailed back to his rising place in the east in a golden bowl. The woods (wonder of wonders!) And the house never holds them both within; but always one is without the house passing over the earth, while the other stays at home and waits until the time for her journeying come; and the one hold all-seeining light for them on earth, but the other holds in her arms Hypnos (Hypnus, Sleep) the brother of Thanatos (Thanatus, Death), even evil Nyx (Night), wrapped in a vaporous cloud. 527 ff : ", Statius, Thebaid 1. "The many-eyed embroidery of blue-black Nyx (Night). ", Orphica, Theogonies Fragments (from the Deveni Papyrus) : [1.6] EOS-HEMERA (Quintus Smyrnaeus 2.549) 485 ff (trans. 627 ff : Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 4. In ancient art Nyx was depicted as a either a winged goddess or charioteer, sometimes crowned with an aureole of dark mists. : Aeschylus, Fragment 33 Heliades (from Athenaeus, Deipnosophists 11. Lattimore) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) "Dies (Day) [here equated with Helios the Sun] felt her presence [an Erinys summoned up from Haides], Nox (Night) interposed her pitchy cloud and startled his shining steeds. Most versions of the Greek creation myth claim that Nyx was one of the first children of Chaos, born at about the same time as Gaia and Tartarus. and Gods of Night (Di Omnes Noctis), be with me now! "And Nyx (Night), respite from labour after the journey of the sun, lightened sleep and brought the beginning of wandering morn; and opened the two gates of Dreams (Oneiroi). While a few were fathered by Erebus, others she gave birth to of her own accord. I have been in love with all things related to Mythology. 176), and sometimes as riding in a chariot, covered with a dark garment and accompanied by the stars in her course. "The [constellation] Altar even beyond aught else hath ancient Nyx (Night), weeping the woe of men, set to be a mighty sign of storm at sea. : Hesiod, Theogony 211 ff (trans. "Eos' (Dawn's) celestial beams chased black Nyx (night) from the sky. Nyx was an ancient deity usually envisaged as the very substance of the night--a veil of dark mists drawn across the sky to obscure the light of Aither, the shining blue of the heavens. Philotes – She was the personification of affection and friendship. : He would not have a blue color until the Titaness Theia took her place. And look! The Orphic mystery cults, however, believed that she had been the original being in the universe and all other creation had begun with Nyx. "Celestial Astra (Stars), dear progeny of Nyx (Night). Way) (Greek epic C4th A.D.) : Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 3. . The Orphic hymns, which held her in high regard as the source of all life, thanked Nyx for bringing calm and rest to the word. "From Chaos and Caligine [were born] : Nox (Night) [Nyx], Dies (Day) [Hemera], Erebus, Aether. When Eos, the goddess of the dawn, lost her human son in battle Nyx prematurely came over the earth so his body could be safely retrieved in darkness. Orest. She did not just rule over the night, she was the embodiment of night itself. [1.5] AITHER, HEMERA, EROS (by Erebos) (Cicero De Natura Deorum 3.17) [N.B. : Melville). Her name could also be used as a term for sexual intercourse, which happened under her mother’s power. Ion, 1150; Theocrit. . All subsequent life and material came from them. The goddess of night and consort of darkness was, therefore, of great interest to those who followed the Orphic rites. Ovid, Metamorphoses 4. Athenian Black Figure Vase Painting C5th B.C. 14) she was the daughter of Eros. "In the west, is the bowl wrought by Hephaistos (Hephaestus), the bowl of thy sire [Helios, the Sun], speeding wherein he crosseth the mighty, swelling stream that girdeth earth [i.e. 6 (trans. . 2. ", Pausanias, Description of Greece 7. Her children became her opposites, balancing the powers of their mother and father. Taylor) (Greek hymns C3rd B.C. ", Bacchylides, Fragment 7 (trans. "Oh! West) (Greek hymns C3rd - C2nd B.C.) ", Bacchylides, Fragment 25 (trans. "Nyx (Night) of the blue-black headband. 742 : ", Ovid, Metamorphoses 11. [3.1] THE ASTRA (Orphic Hymn 7), [1.1] MOROS, KER, THANATOS, HYPNOS, THE ONEIROI, MOMOS, OIZYS, HESPERIDES, THE KERES, THE MOIRAI, NEMESIS, APATE, PHILOTES, GERAS, ERIS (no father) (Hesiod Theogony 221) Nyx, Night], sluggish brother of cruel Mors (Death) [Thanatos].
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