[15] Charles could not obtain sufficient finance or support to mount a serious challenge to Cromwell's government. [52] Earlier in 1668 he leased the islands of Bombay to the company for a nominal sum of £10 paid in gold. Vale a pena sinalar que Lady Diana Spencer, a Princesa de Gales entre 1981 e 1996, descendía de dous dos fillos naturais de Carlos II: o duque de Grafton e o duque de Richmond (que é tamén ascendente directo de Camilla Mountbatten-Windsor —antes Camilla Parker—). [25], In the latter half of 1660, Charles's joy at the Restoration was tempered by the deaths of his youngest brother, Henry, and sister, Mary, of smallpox. En 1672 Carlos asinou a Declaración de Indulxencia, na que manifestaba a súa intención de suspender todas as leis que penalizaban aos católicos e a outros disidentes relixiosos. [42] On 23 June 1661, a marriage treaty was signed; England acquired Catherine's dowry of Tangier (in North Africa) and the Seven islands of Bombay (the latter having a major influence on the development of the British Empire in India), together with trading privileges in Brazil and the East Indies, religious and commercial freedom in Portugal and two million Portuguese crowns (about £300,000); while Portugal obtained military and naval support against Spain and liberty of worship for Catherine. Whig Thought and the Revolution of 1688–91. Carlos esforzouse por manter o Tratado en segredo, especialmente a cláusula concernente á súa conversión. On the last evening of his life he was received into the Catholic Church in the presence of Father John Huddleston, though the extent to which he was fully conscious or committed, and with whom the idea originated, is unclear. His parents were Charles I, who ruled the three kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland, and Henrietta Maria, the sister of the French king Louis XIII. [22], The restrictions against royalist candidates and voters were widely ignored, and the elections resulted in a House of Commons that was fairly evenly divided on political grounds between Royalists and Parliamentarians and on religious grounds between Anglicans and Presbyterians. [46] The Second Dutch War (1665–1667) was started by English attempts to muscle in on Dutch possessions in Africa and North America. A Cromwell sucedeulle o seu fillo, Richard Cromwell, como Lord Protector, pero se trataba dun home sen dotes para o mando nin desexo de exercelo e abdicou en 1659. An Act for the more effectuall preserving the Kings Person and Government by disableing Papists from sitting in either House of Parlyament", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Charles_II_of_England&oldid=991328395, British expatriates in the Dutch Republic, Converts to Roman Catholicism from Anglicanism, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the ODNB, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Jane Roberts – the daughter of a clergyman, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 13:56. Luís debía fornecerlle 6.000 soldados para suprimir aos que se opuxesen a súa conversión. A pesar dos esforzos do seu fillo por salvarlle, Carlos I foi executado en 1649, proclamándose a república en Inglaterra. Se hizo célebre por sus numerosos hijos ilegítimos, de los que reconoció a catorce. He was received into the Catholic Church on his deathbed. Chegou a Londres o 29 de maio, a que se considera data oficial da Restauración, e que coincidía co trixésimo aniversario de Carlos. Charles was one of the most popular and beloved kings of England,[1] known as the Merry Monarch, in reference to both the liveliness and hedonism of his court and the general relief at the return to normality after over a decade of rule by Cromwell and the Puritans. Shaftesbury's power base was strengthened when the House of Commons of 1679 introduced the Exclusion Bill, which sought to exclude the Duke of York from the line of succession. Edward Hyde, who had not known of either the marriage or the pregnancy, was created Earl of Clarendon and his position as Charles's favourite minister was strengthened. Carlos foi tamén o mecenas persoal de Sir Christopher Wren, o arquitecto que axudou a reconstruír Londres despois do Grande Incendio de Londres de 1666. He was brought up in the care of the Protestant Countess of Dorset, though his godparents included his maternal uncle Louis XIII and his maternal grandmother, Marie de' Medici, the Dowager Queen of France, both of whom were Catholics. "[91] The claim to France was only nominal, and had been asserted by every English monarch since Edward III, regardless of the amount of French territory actually controlled. Os "aborrecedores" —o sector dos que se opuñan á Lei de Exclusión— transformáronse no Partido Tory (conservador), mentres que os "peticionarios" —que apoiaban dita lei— convertéronse no Partido Whig (liberal). Power passed to five politicians known collectively by a whimsical acronym as the Cabal—Clifford, Arlington, Buckingham, Ashley (afterwards Earl of Shaftesbury) and Lauderdale. O Parlamento Cabaleiro tamén se negou a financiar a Guerra Anglo-holandesa, obrigando a Carlos a asinar a paz en 1674. A síndrome caracterízase por naúseas, vómitos, dores de cabeza, debilidade, alteración da vista, convulsións e coma. [1] O presunto herdeiro era, polo tanto, o seu irmán, o católico Xacobe, duque de York. During the 1640s, when Charles was still young, his father fought Parliamentary and Puritan forces in the English Civil War. The anniversary of the Restoration (which was also Charles's birthday)—29 May—was recognised in England until the mid-nineteenth century as Oak Apple Day, after the Royal Oak in which Charles hid during his escape from the forces of Oliver Cromwell. Whose word no man relies on, [55], Although previously favourable to the Crown, the Cavalier Parliament was alienated by the king's wars and religious policies during the 1670s. Partly to assuage public fears that the royal family was too Catholic, Charles agreed that James's daughter, Mary, should marry the Protestant William of Orange. A última edición desta páxina foi o 7 de xuño de 2020 ás 14:48. [74] In the days between his collapse and his death, Charles endured a variety of torturous treatments including bloodletting, purging and cupping in hopes of effecting a recovery. Numerous accounts of his adventures were published, particularly in the immediate aftermath of the Restoration. Sitio Web oficial da monarquía británica. To save Danby from the impeachment trial, Charles dissolved the Cavalier Parliament in January 1679. [20] Monck and his army marched into the City of London, and forced the Rump Parliament to re-admit members of the Long Parliament who had been excluded in December 1648, during Pride's Purge. [71], Charles suffered a sudden apoplectic fit on the morning of 2 February 1685, and died aged 54 at 11:45 am four days later at Whitehall Palace. A invasión terminou coa derrota na batalla de Worcester (1651), tras a que se di que Carlos se escondeu nun carballo de certa casa nobre (o cal pasou á historia co nome de Carballo Real), fuxindo logo rumbo a Francia baixo un disfrace. Danby had publicly professed that he was hostile to France, but had reservedly agreed to abide by Charles's wishes. As a result of the Second Dutch War, Charles dismissed Lord Clarendon, whom he used as a scapegoat for the war. After 1660, all legal documents stating a regnal year did so as if he had succeeded his father as king in 1649. O mesmo ano, Carlos apoiou abertamente á católica Francia e iniciou a Terceira Guerra Anglo-holandesa. His parents were Charles I, who ruled the three kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland, and Henrietta Maria, the sister of the French king Louis XIII.Charles was their second child. Aínda que eran moitos os países que buscaran facerlle a guerra á católica Francia, Carlos II negociara en segredo con Luís XIV, tratando de alcanzar un acordo mediante o cal Inglaterra permanecería neutral a cambio de diñeiro. The conflict began well for the English, with the capture of New Amsterdam (renamed New York in honour of Charles's brother James, Duke of York) and a victory at the Battle of Lowestoft, but in 1667 the Dutch launched a surprise attack on England (the Raid on the Medway) when they sailed up the River Thames to where a major part of the English fleet was docked. Coñecido como o Alegre Monarca, Carlos II favoreceu as artes e foi menos restritivo que os seus predecesores. He was succeeded by his brother James. Posteriormente, tamén no ano 1678, Lord Danby foi sometido a unha moción de censura pola Cámara dos Comúns baixo a acusación de alta traizón. [69] Titus Oates was convicted and imprisoned for defamation. Charles II was born at St James's Palace on 29 May 1630. Despite the Stuart family connections through Henrietta Maria and the Princess of Orange, France and the Dutch Republic allied themselves with Cromwell's government from 1654, forcing Charles to leave France and turn for aid to Spain, which at that time ruled the Southern Netherlands. He would not exile past enemies nor confiscate their wealth. Carlos II.Monarca británico rey de Inglaterra, Escocia e Irlanda desde el 29 de mayo de 1660 hasta su muerte. [5] Charles I surrendered into captivity in May 1646. El príncipe Carlos es el primero, pero Guillermo, duque de Cambridge, pisa con fuerza. Setting off from Falmouth after staying at Pendennis Castle, he went first to the Isles of Scilly, then to Jersey, and finally to France, where his mother was already living in exile and his first cousin, eight-year-old Louis XIV, was king. Charles was their second child. Lord Shaftesbury was prosecuted (albeit unsuccessfully) for treason in 1681 and later fled to Holland, where he died. O Acta de Conventículos e a de as Cinco Millas permaneceron en vigor durante o resto do reinado de Carlos. His other mistresses included Moll Davis, Nell Gwyn, Elizabeth Killigrew, Catherine Pegge, Lucy Walter and Louise de Kérouaille, Duchess of Portsmouth. The bodies of Oliver Cromwell, Henry Ireton and John Bradshaw were subjected to the indignity of posthumous decapitations. Carlos non deu fe ás súas alegacións, pero ordenou o seu Primeiro Ministro, Thomas Osborne, Primeiro Conde de Danby, que investigase. The power of the Cabal waned and that of Clifford's replacement, Lord Danby, grew. Ao momento de nacer, converteuse automaticamente, dada a súa condición de fillo maior, en duque de Cornualles —por ser herdeiro do trono de Inglaterra— e en duque de Rothesay —como herdeiro do trono de Escocia—. [38] Plague cases ebbed over the winter, and Charles returned to London in February 1666. Carlos partiu cara a Inglaterra, desembarcando en Dover o 23 de maio de 1660. [21] The outgoing Parliament defined the electoral qualifications intending to bring about the return of a Presbyterian majority.
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